Tag Archives: EU Citizenship

Latin Americans moving to the UK: How did cuts and migration policy reforms affect them?

Latin Americans that moved to the UK from EU countries with high unemployment rates are living in increasingly precarious circumstances – usually under financial hardship and even in debt.

These are the findings from a new report by Leeds University which illustrates the negative impact that cuts and immigration policy reforms have had on Latin American migrants that remigrated to the UK from EU countries.

According to the last census (2011), a third of Latin Americans living in the UK have lived before in another country of the European Union, the majority of them in Spain, Portugal and Italy, and have then remigrated to the UK after gaining EU citizenship.

Despite having EU passport, these newly arrived Latin Americans face a situation of “practical exclusion” from the public services, due to the lack of understanding of how the system works, the language barrier and the reduced number of outreach, interpreting and translating services in the public services after the recent cuts.

Furthermore, the reduction of public funding to the third sector has limited the capability of Latin American organisations to attend and cover the increase in the demand from new migrants.

The report also suggests that the lack of services tailored to the Latin American diaspora – who too often don’t understand the system and aren’t fully competent in the English language – leads to situations where:

The report, published by Leeds University in collaboration with the Latin American Women’s Right Service (LAWRS), also focuses on the impact that new migration policies have had on migrants’ access to public services, mostly by limiting the entitlement of the new arrivals to work benefits and access the healthcare system.

This shortage of resources has lead to vulnerable situations and a reliance on exploitative systems, worsening the financial hardship and the psychological impact that migration has in this particular group of the Latin American community, undermining their chances to secure a stable economic situation and better opportunities for future generations.

Finally, the report highlights how Latin American women suffer these difficulties especially, as they are often the main carers for children and family.


This guest blog post was written by Beatriz Martinez, Deputy Editor and Community Manager for Latin Americans at Migreat.  

Read more on life and experiences of Latin American migrants living in the UK by joining the Migreat Latin American community!

How much does it cost to become citizen of another country?

In most European countries, to be provided with citizenship rights will cost you to prove numerous years of legal residence within the country.

Exception made of a few islands in the Caribbeans, Malta and Cyprus where a handful of investment can get you a passport and full new citizenship straight-away.

This grant of citizenship – also called economic citizenship – is sought after by wealthy people as a way to escape political unrest, manage the value of their wealth and enjoy greater flexibility to travel the world.

We list here below and compare these five island where you can buy your way in. They are ranged from the most expensive to the least.

  • Cyprus: €2,500,000 to €5,000,000
Cypris citizenship is highly attractive to wealthy Russians, photo credit by Leonid Mamchenkov
Cypris citizenship is highly attractive to wealthy Russians.Photo credit by Leonid Mamchenkov

Applicants are required to either

– make an investment of at least €2m in shares and/or bonds of the Cyprus State Investment Company and donate at least €0.5m to the Cypriot Research and Technology Fund, or;

– make an investment of at least €5m in Cyprus. The following types of investments qualify

  • Property (but not undeveloped land)
  • Cypriot businesses or companies
  • Bonds, securities, debentures
  • Investment or participation in public works, or;

– deposit at least €5m in a Cypriot bank for three years on fixed terms.

– own, or partly-own, a company which has paid a certain amount taxes and other fees to the Cypriot government and which employs a certain number of people in Cyprus.

Cyprus is part of the EU. As such, you gain the right to live, work and study in the EU and the right to travel to 157 countries visa-free, including the EU.

  • Malta: starting at €1,050,000
Maltese Passport. Photo credits Jon Rawlinson
Maltese Passport. Photo credits Jon Rawlinson

Requirements: Applicants are required to make

– a non-refundable contribution of €650,000 to the National Fund and Economy of Malta,

– an investment in property of at least €350,000,

– finally, an investment of €150,000 in Gov bonds for the next five years.

Benefits: Malta is part of the EU. As such, you gain the right to live, work and study in the EU. As well as gain access to travel to 166 countries visa-free, including the EU.

  • St Kitts & Nevis* & Antigua & Barbuda: $250,000

    a panoramic view of English Harbour and southern Antigua from Shirley Heights by David Stanley
    a panoramic view of English Harbour and southern Antigua from Shirley Heights by David Stanley

Applicants to St Kitts & Nevis Citizenship are required to make either

– a non-refundable contribution of US$ 250,000 to the national Charity

– an $400,000 investment in real estate in the country.

Exceptions* The program is now closed for applicants from Afghanistan and Iran.

Applicants to Antigua & Barbuda Citizenship are required to make either

– a contribution to the National Development Fund (NDF) of a minimum non-refundable amount of US$200,000 (for a single applicant), or;

– an investment of at least US$400,000 into one of the approved real estate projects, or;

– an investment of a minimum of US$1,500,000 directly into an eligible business as a sole investor or a joint investment involving at least 2 persons.

Along investments,  both programs include significant administrative fees to be paid to the Government.

Citizens of Antigua & Barbuda and St Kitts & Nevis can travel like to 132 countries without the need to obtain a visa.

  • Dominica: $100,000
Photo Credit by Patrick Nouhailler
Photo Credit by Patrick Nouhailler

Applicants are required to make

– an non-refundable investment of $100,000 to the Dominican Government and;

– Pay administrative fees associated with the application.

Dominica is a Commonwealth nation. Its citizens get special privileges in the UK, and can travel up to 91 countries, including Switzerland, without a visa.

Dominica’s economic citizenship does not require residency terms. Dominica allows dual citizenship.

This second citizenship is a legal way to reduce taxes; revenue generated outside of Dominica is tax free, it is not subject to capital gains tax, or inheritance tax or any other tax. The application process is strictly confidential, with no disclosure or exchange of information


Interested in economic citizenship? Ask Migreat for more information and for support with your application.

Need help with citizenship to the UK? France? Germany? Italy or Spain? Ask us for help on migreat.com