For all the Numbers-Lovers out there: The latest UK Migration Statistics

In the recently published Office for National Statistics(ONS) report on UK migration in November 2013, net migration is shown to have increased by 9% in the year ending june 2013. In contrary to what the government has been aiming for, this rise in net migration has been mainly driven by an 8% decrease in emigration from the UK. Furthermore, although overall immigration has decreased by almost 3%, the increase in EU immigration(14%) has neutralised the decrease in non-EU immigration(14%). In particular, the EU15 immigration to the UK for work-related reasons has significantly increased by 44% to reach 59,000 in the year ending June 2013. It is to be noted that the latter is mainly driven by the employment crisis in the region specifically in Spain, Greece, and Italy.

CITY A.M. infographic: Net migration climbs as fewer people exit UK
CITY A.M. infographic: Net migration climbs as fewer people exit UK

Moreover, when it comes to top countries of origin, China comes first, followed by India, Poland, USA, and finally Australia. As for the top countries of destination for emigrants from the UK, Australia comes first followed by USA, India, China, and finally France. In particular, Asian nationals accounted for (52%) of the visas issued in the year ending September 2013, and the increase in the number of visas issued is driven by the increase in the visas for China (7%), Russia (15%) and Libya (96%).

Given the above statistics, should we question the current UK top-down strategy focusing on reducing net migration rather than adopting a bottom-up approach to resolving the migration problem?

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Summary of ONS immigration statistics:

1. Immigration to the UK

  • Immigration to the UK has decreased by around 3% from 517,000 in the previous year to 503,000 in the year ending June 2013.

  •  Non-EU immigration to the UK has significantly decreased by around 14% from 282,000 in the previous year to 242,000 in the year ending June 2013.

  • EU immigration (excluding British) to the UK has increased by around 14% from 158,000 in the previous year to 183,000 in the year ending June 2013. EU15 immigration to the UK has significantly increased for work reasons by around 44% from 41,000 in the previous year to 59,000 in the year ending June 2013.

  • Work: Immigration to the UK for work-related reasons has increased by around 17% from 173,000 in the previous year to 202,000 in the year ending 2013.
  • Study: The number of student visas(excluding student visitor visas) has risen slightly by around 3% in the year ending 2013 from the previous year.

2. Emigration from the UK

  • Emigration from the UK has decreased by around 8% from 349,000 in the previous year to 320,000 in the year ending June 2013.

  • Non-EU emigration from the UK has decreased by around 8% from 110,000 in the previous year to 102,000 in the year ending June 2013.

  • EU emigration (excluding British) from the UK has decreased by around 9% from 86,000 in the previous year to 78,000 in the year ending June 2013.

3. Net Migration to the UK

  • Net migration into the UK has risen by around 9% from 167,000 in the previous 12 months to 182,000 in the year to June 2013.

  • Net migration of EU (excluding British) citizens has significantly increased by around 47% from 72,000 in the previous year to 106,000 in the year ending June 2013.

  • Net migration of non-EU citizens has decreased by around 19% from an estimated 172,000 in the previous year to 140,000 in the year ending June 2013.

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Reference: Office for National Statistics, http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/dcp171778_335330.pdf

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